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SEBI’s Fee Overhaul: A Fair Play? 🔺

SEBI has just dropped a game-changing directive, which has everyone talking. While it is meant for market infrastructure institutions (like stock exchanges, depositories and clearing corporations), it is likely to result in higher brokerage for investors.


The media widely reported Nithin Kamath saying Zerodha may have to let go off its zero brokerage structure, or increase brokerage for F&O trades. Gone are the days of 0 brokerage then?


What’s Happening?

Market infrastructure institutions, like stock exchanges, depositories and clearing corporations charge stock brokers slab-wise fees, based on their turnover. Higher the volume stock brokers generates, lower their fees are.


Brokers however, charge investors at the highest slab rate. The difference between what brokers charge investors and what they pay to exchanges, they pocket, and show as revenue.


While this may seem petty, the difference made up for a healthy chunk of profits for brokers. For Angel One this spread contributed to ~20% of its profit in FY24.


What Will Change?

Once the SEBI guideline comes into effect in October 2024, brokers will have to pass on the exact fees to MIIs, eliminating any chance for extra earnings, which they used to get because of their higher turnover advantage.


It’s a move towards greater fairness but one that comes at a cost for the brokers. This change signals a shift toward greater transparency, but it also requires brokers to adapt quickly or face significant profitability challenges.


Why Should I Care?

As brokers grapple with reduced profits, some might hike their brokerage rates. Investors who enjoyed rock-bottom fees may need to prepare for slightly higher charges. It’s a small price to pay for transparency but one that might sting nonetheless.


On the bright side, this directive aims to make trading fees clearer and more predictable. Smaller brokers can compete more effectively, potentially leading to better services and innovations in the market.


Zerodha’s popular zero-brokerage model might be on the chopping block. Investors should watch for changes in their fee structures as brokers adjust to the new regulations.


Wrapping Up

While the transition may be tough, SEBI’s directive paves the way for a more equitable market. Investors can look forward to transparent fees and fairer competition among brokers.


With old fee structures out the window, brokers will be pushed to innovate, creating a healthier, more competitive trading environment.


So, buckle up and get ready for a market where transparency reigns supreme and everyone plays by the same rules—well, in theory at least. Here's to a fairer trading future!

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